Hospice Use: New Facts and Figures

Hospice Use: New Facts and Figures

Posted on Tuesday, November 12th, 2013 at 9:36 am by lifemediamatters

In 2012, 1.6 million Americans received hospice care; 36 percent died or were discharged within seven days of admission.

Image: 'Love' by Denise Mayumi via Flickr

‘Love’ by Denise Mayumi

New findings published in the annual hospice facts and figures report show nearly 80 percent of hospice patients receive care for less than 90 days before dying. The median length of a hospice stay is only about 19 days, and the findings are both consistent with those of 2011 and troubling to study researchers.

The report, “Facts and Figures: Hospice Care in America,” was conducted by National Hospice and Palliative Care Organization. It provides data on hospice trends and updated information on the growth, delivery and quality of hospice care throughout the U.S.

“As hospice and palliative care professionals, we need to continue reaching out to patients and family caregivers to help them understand all the benefits that hospice care brings,” said NHPCO President and CEO J. Donald Schumacher, Psy.D in a press release. “As part of our ongoing engagement efforts, we must continue our efforts to reach communities that are under-utilizing hospice care.”

Hospice Use

Hospice is care that aims to provide comfort and pain management rather than aggressive treatments– usually only for terminally ill patients with six months or less to live. It is most often used when curative treatments are no longer effective. Cancer remains the most common diagnosis for patients seeking hospice; 37 percent of enrollees are cancer patients.

Sixty-six percent of patients who receive hospice benefits remain in the place they call home, whether it be a private residence or nursing home, unchanged from 2011. The gender divide between hospice patients also remains unchanged; 56 percent of hospice patients are female.

Since the founding of the first American hospice in 1974, more than five thousand hospice programs have opened throughout the U.S. The Medicare hospice benefit, enacted by Congress in 1982, remains the predominant source of payment. Eighty-four percent of patients receive coverage through the benefit.

Palliative Medicine, Hospice Care?

Posted on Tuesday, December 4th, 2012 at 7:50 pm by Life Matters Media

Despite its growing popularity in hospitals, most Americans remain unaware of the comfort and benefits palliative care can provide some terminally ill patients.

“There is a clear need to inform consumers about palliative care and provide consumers with a definition of palliative care,” researchers commissioned by the Center to Advance Palliative Care advise. According to Public Opinion Research on Palliative Care, seventy percent of the general population doesn’t know anything about palliative care, and 14 percent were “somewhat knowledgeable.”

The researchers also found that it is difficult to inform physicians about palliative care, because they often wrongly equate it with hospice or end of life care.

Public Opinion Strategies

Palliative care becoming more popular

Palliative care is treatment that enhances comfort and improves the quality of life for patients in life’s last phase. No therapy is excluded from consideration, according to the National Hospice and Palliative Care Organization (NHPCO).

Palliative care is becoming increasingly widespread. There are more than 1,600 hospitals that have palliative care programs in the U.S., according to Dr. Diane Meier, director of the Center to Advance Palliative Care at Mount Sinai School of Medicine. Some 85 percent of large hospitals have a palliative care team. Sixty-seven percent of small hospitals have programs.

Dr. William H. Frist, a heart transplant surgeon and former U.S. Senate Majority Leader, recommends palliative care. “[A] brand new field in medicine is making chronic, agonizing, and even terminal illnesses much more manageable… palliative care has emerged as the best solution for those facing serious, painful diseases, and introduces the very real possibility… that we can now live with these diseases for a long time,” he wrote recently for The Week.

Public Opinion Strategies

Palliative care also costs much less than aggressive end of life regimens. Patients who receive palliative care services cost hospitals between $1,700 and $5,000 less per admission, according to findings published in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

Hospice care remains overlooked

Hospice care is different from palliative care; its aim is to manage symptoms so that a person’s last days are spent with dignity and quality. The care is not intended to treat the disease but the person, according to the American Cancer Society.

Hospice is most often used when curative treatment is no longer effective, and a terminal patient is expected to live about six months or less.

“Many people believe that hospice is only for people who have cancer. This may be due to the fact that many of the patients cared for in the early days of hospice were cancer patients,” Becky Hillier, public relations director for Rocky Mountain Hospice, wrote for the Montana Standard. Less than 25 percent of hospice patients admitted to the hospice are cancer patients.

The NHPCO reports that 36 percent of hospice patients die or are discharged within seven days of treatment. Many terminally ill suffer more than they need to because they wait to enroll in a hospice program.

“We continue to see more dying Americans opting for hospice care at the end of their lives, yet far too many receive care for a week or less,” said the NCPCO’s J. Donald Schumacher. “We need to reach patients earlier in the course of their illness to ensure they receive the full benefits that hospice and palliative care can offer.”

One reason the terminally ill wait for hospice, he said, is due to the misconception that hospice means giving up.