The Vermont House approved a measure allowing physicians the ability to prescribe life-ending medications to some terminally ill patients seeking to end their lives. Vermont is set to become the fourth state allowing the legislation known as “Death with Dignity,” following Oregon, Washington and Montana.
The Patient Choice and Control at End of Life Act awaits approval from Gov. Peter Shumlin, a Democrat and supporter of the bill.
“By a 75-65 roll call vote, the House approved a bill largely that copies a law passed by Oregon voters in 1997 for three years and then shifts to a system with less government monitoring,” The Associated Press reports.
This marks the first time this type of legislation has been moved to passage by a legislature. With safeguards similar to the Oregon bill, patients seeking the prescription barbiturates must first state their intentions three times- once in writing. A second opinion from a physician indicating a patient has less than six months to live and proof of sanity, are mandatory. Patients must wait 48 hours before filling the prescriptions.
“It’s an important step for terminally ill Vermont patients,” Dick Walters, president of Patient Choices-Vermont, said after the vote. “It’s a big step forward for the region and for the country as a whole,” the AP reports.
Come 2016, changes advocated by some of the state senators seeking less government involvement during the process will go into effect, including less monitoring from physicians.
“It’s huge,” said lobbyist Michael Sirotkin, who for years has been involved with the issue in Vermont. “I think it’s going to have a major effect on other states’ willingness to vote on this,” he told USA Today.
But not all lawmakers approved of the bill’s passage. “There can never be a dignified death using a handful of pills or a lethal cocktail,” said Rep. Carolyn Branagan, a Republican from Georgia, VT.
Other opponents were concerned about the radical changes the bill underwent while in the Senate. “We are passing a bill that has not been vetted,” said Rep. Paul Poirier, an Independent from Barre. “Do we want to pass a bill … just accepting 100 percent what the Senate did overnight?”